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Spine Surgery

Cervical Spondylosis

Pain in the low back / mid back region resulting in loss of function . Pain in the back is not only a very common complaint but also is only second to common cold in sickness absenteeism. It is believed that about 85 % of general population will have at least one episode of back pain in their lifespan.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs camera.gif as you age. Spinal discs are soft, compressible discs that separate the interlocking bones (vertebrae) that make up the spine. The discs act as shock absorbers for the spine, allowing it to flex, bend, and twist. Degenerative disc disease can take place throughout the spine, but it most often occurs in the discs in the lower back (lumbar region) and the neck (cervical region).

Facet Syndrome

Facet joint disorders are some of the most common of all the recurrent, disabling low back and neck problems, and can cause serious symptoms and disability for patients. However, facet joint problems rarely involve the spinal nerves.

Failed Back Syndrome

Failed back surgery syndrome (also called FBSS, or failed back syndrome) is a misnomer, as it is not actually a syndrome – it is a very generalized term that is often used to describe the condition of patients who have not had a successful result with back surgery or spine surgery and have experienced continued pain after surgery. There is no equivalent term for failed back surgery syndrome in any other type of surgery (e.g. there is no failed cardiac surgery syndrome, failed knee surgery syndrome, etc.). There are many reasons that a back surgery may or may not work, and even with the best surgeon and for the best indications, spine surgery is no more than 95% predictive of a successful result.

Kyphosis

The word “kyphosis” describes a type of curve in the spine. A kyphotic curve is ‘normally’ present in the thoracic spine (the part of the spine in the chest area). A kyphotic curve looks like the letter “C” with the opening of the C pointing towards the front. Though the thoracic spine is supposed to be curved, if the curve in a person’s thoracic spine is more than 40 to 45 degrees, it is considered abnormal – or a spinal deformity.

Lumbar Spondylosis

Lumbar spondylosis, as shown in the image below, describes bony overgrowths (osteophytes), predominantly those at the anterior, lateral, and, less commonly, posterior aspects of the superior and inferior margins of vertebral centra (bodies). This dynamic process increases with, and is perhaps an inevitable concomitant, of age. Anteroposterior view of lumbar spine. Vertical ove Anteroposterior view of lumbar spine. Vertical overgrowths from margins of vertebral bodies represent osteophytes.Spondylosis deformans is responsible for the misconception that osteoarthritis was common in dinosaurs

Lumbarisation and Sacralisation

Malformations of the sacrum and base of the spine are very common, with variations too numerous to cite. Being the seat of spinal movement, these structural anomalies subtly influence the free-flowing function of the spine. These two congenital disorders go by the name of lumbarisation and sacralisation. In the ‘modern’ human skeleton the sacrum is a solid bony mass of 5 fused vertebrae at the back of the pelvis on which the upright spine sits. However, in earlier evolutionary forms the segments of the sacrum were not fused. They were free to move – like a tail – and participated as an extension of the spine in normal activity. Lumbarisation is where the uppermost segment of the sacrum is not fused. Rather it is free to move and participates, along with the neighbouring lumbar vertebrae in spinal activity. The first sacral segment is said to be lumbarised. With lumbarisation, anatomists and clinicians have taken to referring to this additional mobile lumbar segment as an ‘extra’ vertebra, which has led to some confusion in the minds of the patients. There is no extra vertebra jammed into the length of the spine. Simply an extra mobile vertebra and one less fixed one.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition where the space for neural elements in spinal column is narrowed. This leads to narrowing of channels where spinal cord and nerve roots travel resulting in compression of the neural elements.

Spondylolysis

In its simplest possible form, spondylosis can be defined as arthritis of the spine. It is a sequelae of the aging spine. Spondylosis can affect any/all regions of the spine, determining what symptoms you have. You can have spondylosis in your neck (cervical spondylosis), mid-back (thoracic spine), or low back (lumbar spondylosis).

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis is a condition in which the there is a defect in a portion of the spine called the pars interarticularis (a small segment of bone joining the facet joints in the back of the spine). With the condition of spondylolisthesis, the pars interarticularis defect can be on one side of the spine only (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral). The most common level it is found is at L5-S1, although spondylolisthesis can occur at L4-5 and rarely at a higher level.

Neck Pain

Neck and shoulder pain can be classified in many different ways. Some people experience only neck pain or only shoulder pain, while others experience pain in both areas.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. As many as half of all women and a quarter of men older than 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis.

Sciatica

Sciatica is a common type of pain affecting the sciatic nerve, a large nerve extending from the lower back down the back of each leg.

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a lateral (toward the side) curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine should show a mild roundness in the upper back and shows a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back. When a person with a normal spine is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be straight. When a person with scoliosis is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be curved.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

'Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that affects the spine. Ankylosing spondylitis symptoms include pain and stiffness from the neck down to the lower back. The spine’s bones (vertebrae) may grow or fuse together, resulting in a rigid spine. These changes may be mild or severe, and may lead to a stooped-over posture. Early diagnosis and treatment helps control pain and stiffness and may reduce or prevent significant deformity.

Back Pain

Pain in the low back / mid back region resulting in loss of function . Pain in the back is not only a very common complaint but also is only second to common cold in sickness absenteeism. It is believed that about 85 % of general population will have at least one episode of back pain in their lifespan.

Back Pain in Pregnancy

The good news is, your baby is growing. That’s exactly what should be happening, but it can still be tough on your back.You’ve got lots of company, most pregnant women experience back pain, usually starting in the second half of pregnancy. You should know that there are things you can do to minimize your back pain.

Slipped disc

Injury or weakness can cause the inner jelly like portion of the disk to protrude through the outer ring. This is known as a slipped or herniated disk. This causes pain and discomfort. If the slipped disk compresses one of your spinal nerves, you may also experience tingling, numbness and pain along the affected nerve. As the lumbar spine (lower back) carries most of the body weight, it tends to “slip” more than higher levels.

Acute Low back Pain

Pain in the low back can be a result of conditions affecting the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.

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SPINE SURGERY

Acute Lower Backpain
Acute Lower Backpain
Back pain in pregnancy
Back pain in pregnancy
Cervical Spondylosis
Cervical Spondylosis
Kyphosis
Kyphosis
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative Disc Disease
Lumbar Spondylosis
Lumbar Spondylosis
Neck Pain
Neck Pain
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis
Sciatica
Sciatica
Scoliosis
Scoliosis
Spinal Stenosis
Spinal Stenosis
Slipped disc
Slipped disc